Princesses of Troy: A Mythic Short

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About This Item We aim to show you accurate product information. Manufacturers, suppliers and others provide what you see here, and we have not verified it. See our disclaimer. Books : Helen Of Troy: Goddess Princess Whore Paperback As soon as men began to write they made Helen of Troy their subject; for close on three thousand years she has been both the embodiment of absolute female beauty and a reminder of the terrible power that beauty can wield. For millennia she has been viewed as an exquisite agent of extermination.

But who was she? Helen exists in many guises: a matriarch from the Age of Heroes who ruled over one of the most fertile areas of the Mycenaean world; Helen of Sparta the focus of a cult which conflated Helen the heroine with a pre-Greek fertility goddess; the home-wrecker of the Iliad; the bitch-whore of Greek tragedy; the pin-up of Romantic artists. Focusing on the 'real' Helen - a flesh-and-blood aristocrat from the Greek Bronze Age - acclaimed historian Bettany Hughes reconstructs the context of life for this elusive pre-historic princess.

Through the eyes of a young Mycenaean woman Hughes examines the physical historical and cultural traces that Helen has left on locations in Greece North Africa and Asia Minor. Vivid and compelling this remarkable book brilliantly unpacks the facts and myths surrounding one of the most enigmatic and notorious figures of all time. Customer Reviews. See all reviews. Write a review.

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The myth of Cassandra

She was accompanied there by the wardress, who cared for her under orders to inform the King of all of his daughter's "prophetic utterances". According to legend, Cassandra had instructed her twin brother Helenus in the art of prophecy. Like her, Helenus was always correct whenever he had made his predictions, but he was believed. Cassandra made many predictions, all disbelieved except one, when she foresaw who Paris was and proclaimed that he was her abandoned brother.

Profile of Troy: Hittite-Trojan Connection - Judith Starkston

Helenus echoed her prophecy, but his warnings were ignored. Though the people rejoiced, Cassandra furiously snatched away Helen's golden veil and tore at her hair, for she foresaw that Helen's arrival would bring the city's destruction in the Trojan War. Cassandra foresaw the destruction of Troy. In various accounts of the war, she warned the Trojans about the Greeks hiding inside the Trojan Horse, Agamemnon 's death, her own demise at the hands of Aegisthus and Clytemnestra , her mother Hecuba's fate, Odysseus 's ten-year wanderings before returning to his home, and the murder of Aegisthus and Clytemnestra by the latter's children Electra and Orestes.

Cassandra predicted that her cousin Aeneas would escape during the fall of Troy and found a new nation in Rome. Coroebus and Othronus came to the aid of Troy during the Trojan War out of love for Cassandra and in exchange for her hand in marriage, but both were killed. In The Fall of Troy , told by Quintus Smyrnaeus , Cassandra had attempted to warn the Trojan people that Greek warriors were hiding in the Trojan Horse while they were celebrating their victory over the Greeks with feasting. They disbelieved her, calling her names and degrading her with insults.

The Greeks hiding inside the Horse were relieved, but alarmed by how clearly she had divined their plan. At the fall of Troy, Cassandra sought shelter in the temple of Athena. There she embraced the wooden statue of Athena in supplication for her protection, but was abducted and brutally raped by Ajax the Lesser.

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Cassandra clung so tightly to the statue of the goddess that Ajax knocked it from its stand as he dragged her away. In one account, this caused her image to give forth a sound that shook the floor of the temple at the sight of Cassandra's rape, and her image turned its eyes away as Cassandra was violated, although others found this account too bold.

Mythic Warriors Guardians of the Legend Odysseus and the Trojan Horse Part 1_2

He further defiled the temple with sexual intercourse by raping her. Odysseus insisted to the other Greek leaders that Ajax should be stoned to death for his sacrilege, which had enraged Athena and the other gods. Ajax avoided their wrath, because none of them dared to punish him after he clung, as a supplicant, to Athena's altar and swore an oath proclaiming his innocence. Poseidon sent storms and strong winds to destroy much of the Greek fleet on their way home from Troy. Athena herself inflicted a terrible death on Ajax, although the sources differ as to the manner of his death.

The Locrians had to atone for Ajax's crimes by sending two maidens to Troy every year for a thousand years to serve as slaves in Athena's temple. However, if they were caught by the inhabitants before they reached the temple, they were executed. In some versions, Cassandra intentionally left a chest behind in Troy, with a curse on whichever Greek opened it first.

It was given to the Greek leader Eurypylus as a part of his share of the victory spoils of Troy.

When he opened the chest and saw the image of the god, he went mad. Cassandra was then taken as a pallake concubine by King Agamemnon of Mycenae. Unbeknown to Agamemnon, while he was away at war, his wife, Clytemnestra , had betrayed him by taking Aegisthus as her lover. Was it just wishful thinking by the Romans who, as parvenus in a world dominated by Greek culture, wanted to create a myth about themselves or was it a genuine memory of a people moving across the Mediterranean during the tumultuous end of Bronze Age and settling in areas north of Rome? As to Romans, I suspect it was just wanting to be part of the Greek world they so admired.

I have discovered a limestone tablet with script that resembles Luwian. The writing is beginning to fade since I dug it up. I can detect other symbols with a black light. I will gladly send a photo, but there are some characters that will only show up with UV lamp. One of them is the head of a man facing left,sitting at the bow of a boat, with something behind him. There is the outline of a sheep or lamb and a pointed arrow that is crossed. There are two short lines one over the other and something that sort of resembles a perched bird.

I am using only a simple UV light. There could be much more. I also have a piece of terracotta with numerous raised relief symbols which resemble Luwian.

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I can send photos of both. I invite anyone with Luwian culture knowledge to closely examine the find. Email to set up an appointment. Let me know if you are interested. Sounds to me like you are contributing to the looting of the ancient Near East or else making stuff up.

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Either way, stop it. Give it to a proper museum with as much information about where you found it and context as can still be honestly remembered. There has been some excellent work on Luwian. You might be interested in the collection edited by H. Anyway could it be the Hittite empire was fighting with an expansionist Egyptian empire and did not have much resources to spare for smaller battles on a second front.

The Hittites were often distracted by other fronts on their huge empire, but at the time period we are discussing they had a solid peace treaty with Egypt that we see no signs of either side making major preparations to break. Egypt and the Hittites were the two big empires at the late Bronze Age and they seem, under the leadership of Hattusili and Puduhepa, to have realized that all they could accomplish via war with each other was mutual destruction.

Tragically some of the Egyptian prisoners from that war seem to have introduced a plague that the Hittites fought for years. Still more reason, low man power, for the Hittites to stay away from expansionist policies.


Top 10 Heroes of Greek Mythology

They were having enough trouble holding onto what they had. Judith — Wonderful piece of writing and information. I was just venturing to suggest that, there were a group of people called Mittanis who seemed to have marital relations with egyptian kings.

Now, their language had references to deities who were indo-european. Could it be said, that, Perhaps, the Trojan war was way more global than perceived since, if Hittites are connected to Troy, then, names like Memnon, could be have been further eastern. The kingdom of Mittanni is to the east of the Hittite empire and later under Hittite control.